Rita menon and kamla bhasin study the violence that defined the female experience during partition and the post-partition years in their book borders & boundaries: women in india's partition through their research, they seek to present an alternative view of partition aside from the countless political histories that exist. The studies by menon and bhasin, borders & boundaries: women in india's partition, and butalia, the other side of silence: voices from the partition of india, are animated by a quite different focus—the intimate. Members of aboriginal, torres strait islander and maori communities are advised that this catalogue contains names and images of deceased people. Introduction the partition of india in 1947 is one of the most significant events in south asian history it refers to the political division of the indian subcontinent that marked the end of british colonial rule in the region. The border between the future modern states of india and pakistan was created under the supervision of sir cyril radcliffe, a london barrister who was given only five weeks to draw the new borders.
An unusual mix of memoirs, interviews, reminiscences and reflective essays, this anthology is the first attempt to present women's perspective on the partition of india, based on the experience of three countries. This paper intends to study the partition history through the subaltern eyes of a young girl narrator belonging to the parsi diaspora in colonial lahore, pakistan, in bapsi sidhwa's novel, ice-candy-man. The north/south border between india and pakistan is convoluted and highly disputed as certain regions within the pakistani and indian states align more closely with those on the other sides of the border.
The partition of india was the process of dividing the subcontinent along sectarian lines, which took place in 1947 as india gained its independence from the british raj the northern, predominantly muslim sections of india became the nation of pakistan , while the southern and majority hindu section became the republic of india. The 1947 partition of british india, otherwise simply known as partition, marked not only the births of india and pakistan, but also one of modern history's largest human mass migrations, in which an estimated million died and thousands of women were subjected to horrifying acts of engendered violence. Partition involved makes it one of the most violent events in the history of nation- formation in the nine months between august 1947 and the spring of the following year. In their seminal study borders and boundaries, ritu menon and kamla bhasin detail cases in which women's bodies were tattooed with symbols of their attackers' religion several attacks on. Flemming leslie a riots and refugees the post partition stories of saadat hasan from english 100 at lahore university of management sciences.
Borders and boundaries changes that, providing first-hand accounts and memoirs, juxtaposed alongside official government accounts the authors make women not only visible but central they explore what country, nation, and religious identity meant for women, and they address the question of the nation-state and the gendering of citizenship. Indias partition history essay borders and boundaries begins by describing how women were led to commit mass suicide, had their breasts, hands or feet cut off, and were raped or kidnapped in the course of partition violence. Of the partition of india both are women who have written novels, from an upper-middle- class perspective, about women whose lives were deeply affected by partition. The novel borders and boundaries: women in india's partition written by menon,r and bhasin, k does an excellent job in describing the events that occurred by showing the perspective of two groups of women.
The indian independence act, which received royal assent on july 18, set in stone the partition of india, and authorized a commission to demarcate the borders of divided punjab and bengal. Get this from a library borders & boundaries : women in india's partition [ritu menon kamla bhasin] -- on the sufferings of women during the partition of india in 1947 includes personal narratives. The newly demarcated borders resulted into one of the biggest human migrations in modern history, with roughly 14 million people displaced more than one million people were killed.
The partition of india was a partitioning of minds as much as it was a geographical division but there has been little discussion in mental health discourse on the psychological scars it caused this book examines the partitioning of human experience and its impact on social life and psychological health. Dey, women in the partition of india: graphic narratives 111 however, as is the aim of this paper, i shall be looking at selective stories that deal with the women's question. The wagah border closing ceremony or 'lowering of the flags' ceremony is a daily military practice that the border security force of india and pakistan rangers have jointly followed since 1959. 17 ritu menon and kamla bhasin, borders and boundaries: women in india's partition, delhi 1998, pp 20 and 35 18 urvashi butalia, the other side of silence: voices from the partition of india, delhi 1998, p 3.