Background almost three decades after the discovery of hiv and aids in ghana, the most obvious impact of the disease is the growing orphan crisis affecting most families and communities, especially in areas that the prevalence of hiv has exceeded the epidemic's threshold of 5. Sampling for qualitative research •the aim of the qualitative research is to understand, from within, the subjective reality of the study participants. There is a good level of detailed description of each theme, and there are several direct quotes from the research data, which aids transparency and auditability of the research (dale, 2005 pp 183-186. Unicef estimates that there are approximately 153 million orphans worldwide 1,2 sub-saharan africa and southeast asia continue to have the highest number of orphaned children due to parental loss from hiv/aids, with 179 million children estimated to have lost one or both parents to the disease 1,2 in high-income countries, the numbers of. Stigma reduces take-up of support services for orphans and vulnerable children in botswana through a snapshot view drawn from interviews and focus groups in the town of palapye, this book examines the situation of orphans and vulnerable children (ovc) in botswana.
• literature review, which analyses and summarises key publications on orphans and vulnerable children of the last ﬁve years from zambia and the region, and elsewhere • data review presents the latest available ofﬁcial ﬁgures on the socio-economic situation of orphans and vulnerable children, based on reanalysis of the zdhs data. Children orphaned by aids in uganda: can they thrive under orphanage care priscillah rukundo and marguerite daniel, university of bergen, norway care for orphaned children is one of the major challenges facing aids-affected communities. Aids acquired immunodeficiency syndrome ovc orphans and vulnerable children this qualitative review is intended to. Grandparents in caring for aids orphans and how their needs could be met semi-structured interviews were conducted to obtain the data the population studied in this research consisted of the grandparents.
In this qualitative study poverty was found to provide the context for transactional sex, early marriage and sexual experimentation among orphans and non-orphans lack of basic needs was perceived to lead directly to engaging in these behaviours as a survival strategy to meet such needs or indirectly through school dropout to engage in igas whose environments and proceeds predisposed adolescents to transactional sex. Orphans and vulnerable children affected by hiv/aids iii preface 1 produced by the population, health and nutrition information project for the united states agency for international development, bureau for africa, office of sustainable. Cluver, lucie, operario, don, gardner, frances parental illness, caregiving factors and psychological distress among children orphaned by acquired immune deficiency syndrome (aids) in south africa vulnerable children and youth studies 2009 4 (3) : 185-198. Worldwide, the population of orphans and vulnerable children is estimated to be around 160 million with sub-sahara africa accounting for 80% of these children owing largely to the effect of hiv/aids, civil wars, road accidents, sectarian violence, terrorism, and other factors. On hiv/aids is apparent in the myths surrounding transmission, prevention and cure communities need more education on issues of hiv/aids, especially to try and decrease the extent to which people are subject to stigma.
The primary aim of this qualitative study was to examine how hiv/aids orphanhood influences participation in secondary education in south africa and to investigate why some hiv/aids-orphaned adolescents find it easier to stay in school than others. Tive psychological impact of hiv/aids on people living with hiv, orphans of hiv infected parents, and other vulnerable children through counseling, education, and better treatment programs, the psychological. Cluver l and gardner f, the mental health of children orphaned by aids: a review of international and southern african research, journal of child and adolescent mental health, 2007, 19(1):1-17 46 ford k and hosegood v, aids mortality and the mobility of children in kwazulu natal, south africa, demography , 2005, 42(4):757-768. The statistics for aids orphans are calculated by using assumptions, such as the average number of children per mother, a reduction in fertility, and an increase in infant deaths caused by hiv. Research article open access qualitative study on the socio-cultural determinants of care of children orphaned by aids in the ashanti and eastern regions of ghana.
The study employed phenomenological qualitative design the population consisted of the purposively selected health promoters working in the hammanskraal region, directly and indirectly involved with families with adolescents orphaned by hiv and aids. Multiple vulnerabilities qualitative data for the study of orphans and vulnerable children in south africa alicia davids, nkululeku nkomo, sakhumzi mfecane. Aids (acquired immune deficiency syndrome) has devastated the social and economic fabric of african societies and made orphans of a whole generation of children who have, as a result, become the epicentre of the hiv/aids pandemic (fassin, 2007. Hirsch compared 16 maternal orphans by aids and 18 'other' orphans, and found higher depression, anxiety and conduct problems, on standardised scales, amongst children orphaned by means other than aids.
Writing a qualitative research report for publication it suggests, at least, the following sections: introduction, aims of the study, review of the literature, sample. This is a matrix of the five recommended types of early childhood development (ecd) and hiv and aids interventions it includes suggestions of delivery services to young children, education and support for families and caregivers, training and support of care providers, sensitisation through the mass media and community mobilisation. A critique on the main character in william shakespeare's macbeth so foul and fair a day i have not seen this is a famous quote by macbeth, the antagonist in william shakespeare's classic work, the tragedy of macbeth. An exploratory qualitative study with carers of aids-orphaned children and informants from nongovernmental organizations in kwazulu-natal (kzn) province, south africa, was conducted to (1) explore challenges associated with caring for aids-orphaned children and (2) identify areas for more detailed quantitative studies.
Annex: methods to estimate and project the impact of hiv/aids on the number of orphaned children 40 africa's orphaned and vulnerable generations iii children affected by aids. Qualitative research abstract this paper elaborates the paradigm of qualitative research methods with special respect to literature as well as seldom employed methodologies for analyzing the data collected literature review examining qualitative data methodologies has been conducted the. This review of studies on the socio-economic impact of hiv/aids shows that diversity in methodological design, which often is a result of practical considerations and resource constraints rather than of poor design, is the norm.